Executive power represents the very machinery of the state, which practically organizes the life of every nation.
This branch of power includes the basic mass of the state bodies and the greatest number of state employees, and possesses large powers. Execution of laws being the primary function of the executive power objectively demands realization of wide administrative activities, which inevitably touch the rights and interests of citizens - and protects or violate them. And hence carefulness with which in each democratic state the questions of formation, organizations and responsibility of executive bodies are dealt.
The executive power and ,to be more precise, its enforcement ministries
(the Ministry of Defenses, Internal Affairs, Security, etc.) embody the state obligation and in this way is a subject of constant attention on the part of political forces and the public, aspiring not to admit excessive restrictions of freedom.
A positive role and the same time the danger of the economic ministries and departments are not less great. As these bodies promoting free economy and growth of well-being, simultaneously may unreasonably limit the right of private property and freedom of enterprise. In social and cultural spheres practical realization of a principal of social justice and state support of culture to a great degree depends on executive power.
Carrying out as on the whole positive and necessary function, the executive authority however, almost in all countries and at all levels shows a tendency to expand its machinery
, and as a result - corruption and arbitrariness of officials. Abundance of ministries and departments of different kind objectively demands profound coordination of their activity, what is alas not always possible to achieve. A constant and universal problem is establishment of business conflict-free mutual relations between the executive power and legislative and judicial bodies. This problem becomes even sharper in federative states where the vertical of the executive power constantly meets obstacles of distribution of jurisdiction between the centre, subjects of federation and local self-government bodies.
And, nevertheless, the role of executive power in all states is rather important and characterized by a tendency to strengthening
. This is induce by the general complication of the international life and internal conditions of the countries, requirements of economy and growing social needs. Executive power reacts on demands of society to search new effective ways of work by frequent reorganization of internal structure and updating methods of activity.