The constitution of the Russian Federation does not provide appointment of the federal executive bodies system in the federal law, and only in 1997 the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation"
established this regulation. Therefore the system was established by decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.
On election of the President (1996) the federal executive bodies system
was established (decrees of the President of the Russian Federation of August, 14, 1996 and of September, 6, 1996) and it included the ministries of the Russian Federation (the federal ministries) and other federal executive bodies: the State Committees of the Russian Federation, the Federal Commissions of Russia, the Federal Services of Russia, the Russian Agencies, the Federal Supervision BodiesOf Russia.
Ministry of the Russian Federation
- the federal executive body which carries out a state policy and supervises a certain field of activity, a ministry also coordinates activities of other federal bodies within its own sphere in the cases established by laws, decrees and resolutions. A ministry is headed by a minister (federal minister) who enters the Government of the Russian Federation.
State Committee of the Russian Federation
, Federal Commission of Russia
are federal executive bodies which collectively carry out an interbranch coordination of questions referred to their jurisdiction, and also functional regulation in the certain field of activity. A State Committee of the Russian Federation and a Federal Commission of Russia are headed accordingly by a Chairperson of a State Committee of the Russian Federation
and a Chairperson of the Federal Commission of Russia.
RF Federal Service, Russian Agency and RF Federal Supervision Body
are federal executive bodies which carrying out special (executive, control, permissive, regulating, etc.) functions within certain established spheres of jurisdiction. A Federal Service of Russia is headed by a director
. A director general heads a Russian Agency.
A Federal Supervision Body of Russia is directed by a Chief of a Federal Supervision Body.
Formation of federal executive bodies, their reorganization and liquidation are carried out by the President of the Russian Federation at the suggestion of the Chairperson of the RF Government.
For the federal executive bodies subordinated to the President of the Russian Federation regulations are affirmed by the President in questions, secured for the President in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and other laws, The regulations of other federal executive bodies are affirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation. The maximum number of the staff and remuneration labour fund for the employees of the central administrative machinery and territorial bodies of federal executive bodies are as well affirmed by the RF Government.
To the status of each executive body corresponds to the order of designation of its heads
. So, federal ministers are appointed to the post and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation at the suggestion of the Chairperson of the Government of the Russian Federation. Deputy federal ministers are designated and dismissed by the Government of the Russian Federation or under the legislation.
Designation and dismission of the heads of the federal executive bodies, except for the federal ministers and the heads of the bodies directly subordinated to the President of the Russian Federation, are fulfilled by the Government of the Russian Federation.
The heads of the federal executive bodies subordinated to the RF President in questions secured for the President in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and other laws are appointed to the post and dismissed by specially established order.
Depending on the status of this or that body the rights of its head are legislatively determined. Equalization of officials with higher posts through empowering them with the rights of the latter or conferring the ranks of the latter is impossible.